1987A Constraints on Low-Mass Dark Sectors
by Mr. Jae Hyeok Chang (C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stony Brook University)
at CTPU Seminar Room
Supernova 1987A provides strong constraints on dark-sector particles with masses below ~100 MeV. If such particles are produced in sufficient quantity, they reduce the cooling time of the supernova, in conflict with observations. We consider the resulting constraints on dark photons, milli-charged particles and sub-GeV dark matters coupled to dark photons. For the first time, we include the effects of finite temperature and density in this environment. Furthermore, we estimate the systematic uncertainties on the cooling bounds by deriving constraints assuming one analytic and three different simulated temperature and density profiles of the proto-neutron star. Our constraints exclude novel parameter spaces for sub-GeV dark matter, and for dark photons differs significantly from previous work in the literature.