Center for Theoretical Physics of the Universe (CTPU)

Spontaneous Freeze Out of Dark Matter From an Early Thermal Phase Transition

by Dr Lucien Heurtier (University of Arizona)

Asia/Seoul
CTPU Seminar Room

CTPU Seminar Room

Fourth floor IBS Building, 55, Expo-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Korea, 34126
Description
I will introduce a new paradigm for the thermal production of dark matter in the early universe, in which dark-matter particles acquire their mass and freeze out spontaneously from the thermal bath after a dark phase transition takes place. The decoupling arises because the dark-matter particles become suddenly non-relativistic and not because of any decay channel becoming kinematically close. I will present a minimal scenario in which a scalar and a fermionic dark-matter are in thermal equilibrium with the Standard-Model bath. I will present the finite temperature corrections to the scalar potential and identify a region of the parameter space where the fermionic dark-matter mass spontaneously jumps over the temperature when the dark phase transition happens. I will explore the phenomenological implications of such a model in simple cases and show that the annihilation cross section of dark-matter particles has to be larger by more than one order of magnitude as compared to the usual constant-mass WIMP scenario in order to accomodate the correct relic abundance. I will finally show that in the spontaneous freeze out regime a TeV-scale fermionic dark-matter that annihilates into leptons through s-wave processes can be accessible to detection in the near future.
Video