Gravitational-Wave Implications for the Parity Symmetry of Gravity
(Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute))
Einstein’s general relativity, as the most successful theory of gravity, is one of the cornerstones of modern physics. However, the experimental tests for gravity in the high energy region are limited. The emerging gravitational-wave astronomy has opened an avenue for probing the fundamental properties of gravity in strong and dynamical field, and in particular, high energy regime. In this talk, I will talk about testing the parity conservation of gravity with gravitational waves. If the parity symmetry is broken, the left- and right-handed modes of gravitational waves would follow different equations of motion, dubbed as birefringence. Using full Bayesian inference by comparing the state-of-the-art waveform with parity violation with the compact binary coalescence data released by LIGO and Virgo collaboration, we do not find any violations of general relativity, thus constrain the lower bound of the parity-violating energy scale to be 0.09 GeV.